There are plenty of factors that affect the signal reception quality of your mobile like, the distance between a cell phone and a cell tower, the connecting technology, power of transmitter in tower, size of cellphone network cell and so on. Therefore, blaming solely your cellular company for the bad network is not fair.
Let us get to know in detail about the factors that affect the single strength.
The maximum distance a cell phone can receive signals from a tower is approximately 45 miles. However, factors that determine the perfect signals depend on the phone technology that has been used. Cell phone tower transmits power of approx. 10 watts to 50 watts. Transmit power make a big impact on the range of a signal. If one lives outside an urban area, signal may have to make a long way to be picked by your cell phone (if there are not cell towers around).
It may surprise you, but cell size highly affects signal strength within a cell network. Signal strength is directly proportional to cell size. The carriers diminish signal strength so that it doesn’t interfere with the other cells in the environs with same frequencies. It can cause major issues in several regions as one has to be present near a few hundred yards of a cell tower to receive signals. The signal strength can weaken with interference in the already diminishing signal area.
Lack of towers
Some cell phones require strong single strength for transmission which may cause many health related issues. Cell towers are usually installed in a honey comb structure to provide good coverage in a particular region. When you move out, the cell signals transfer to neighboring tower to make communication possible. It may be a problem in rural or low-density populated area where there is a lack of adequate towers.
Poor capacity planning
If a network career plans its customers to make more calls, cell size is reduced, and neighboring frequencies are re-used to assist a higher number of calls. The numbers of calls a tower can take remain limited to the number of frequencies provided by cellphone carrier. With few number of cell towers, it becomes difficult to avail a good signal strength.
Besides, some occasional intrusions affect signal strength like bad weather. If you are also facing regular call drops or weak network, you may use a single booster at your home to get rid of such problems.