Septic system is a highly effective underground wastewater treatment system which is used to treat and dispose household wastewater onsite. It is a cost-effective sewer system that is used in rural areas where lot sizes are wider and houses are spaced apart. These septic tanks are very simple in design and can be installed easily. A septic system also does not require installation of various sewer lines and they are more economical than centralized sewer system. So let’s discuss how septic tanks work and how they are maintained.
How Septic System Works?
Septic system is made up of concrete or fiberglass with an inlet and outlet pipe. It basically consists of two parts-septic tanks and drain field. With the help of sewer pipes, wastewater flows from home to the septic tank and these tanks treat the wastewater in a natural way by storing it in a tank so that liquid and solid particles can easily separate.
Three layers of wastewater are formed in the tank. Solids that is lighter than water usually floats on the top and forms a layer of scum on the top. The solid particle that is heavier than water settles down at the bottom and forms a layer of sludge and middle layer is partly clear wastewater.The bacteria that are naturally present in the septic tanks decompose the layers of sludge and scum and solid particles that are not broken by bacteria are pumped out of the tank. After that clarified liquid flows from septic tank to the drain field or distribution device which distributes the wastewater in the drain field evenly.
Maintenance of Septic Tanks
• It is very important to regularly pump out the septic tank and maintain a record of pumping, maintenance, inspections and repairs.
• You should never drive or park your vehicle near the septic tanks or near any of its component and never build structures such as swimming pools, decks and patios near septic tanks.
• You should never use strong chemical and bacteria-destroying products such as pesticides, paint thinners, drain cleaners, disinfectants in the septic system because it decreases the absorption system operation of septic tanks
• You should avoid septic tank additives because properly sized septic tanks can properly manage the wastewater without the use of additives.
It is not easy to maintain the septic system because sometimes due to leakage, smelly water seeps into the lawn or leaks out around drain field.So it is better to avail the service of a company that provides effective septic solution. There are many companies that provide septic system solution in NJ maintenance of so choose the best company to get best septic solution.